ALV

Multi-colored output of ALV in EXCEL

There would be many situations where we need to highlight some of the records in bold or different color depending on some value. In this document, we showcase how this can be achieved. Look at the screenshot of an excel sheet with different colors and bold in some cells.

Following is a demo program in achieving the same:

Report ZMULTICOLOR_TEST no standard page heading.
* this report demonstrates how to send some ABAP data to an
* EXCEL sheet using OLE automation.
include ole2incl.
* handles for OLE objects
data: h_excel type ole2_object,        " Excel object
      h_mapl type ole2_object,         " list of workbooks
      h_map type ole2_object,          " workbook
      h_zl type ole2_object,           " cell
      h_f type ole2_object,            " font
      h_c type ole2_object.            " color

DATA: FILENAME LIKE RLGRAP-FILENAME.

tables: spfli.
data  h type i.
* table of flights
data: it_spfli like spfli occurs 10 with header line.

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

*&   Event START-OF-SELECTION
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

start-of-selection.
* read flights
  select * from spfli into table it_spfli.
* display header
  uline (61).
  write: /     sy-vline no-gap,
          (3)  'Flg'(001) color col_heading no-gap, sy-vline no-gap,
          (4)  'Nr'(002) color col_heading no-gap, sy-vline no-gap,
          (20) 'Von'(003) color col_heading no-gap, sy-vline no-gap,
          (20) 'Nach'(004) color col_heading no-gap, sy-vline no-gap,
          (8)  'Zeit'(005) color col_heading no-gap, sy-vline no-gap.
  uline /(61).
* display flights
  loop at it_spfli.
    write: / sy-vline no-gap,
             it_spfli-carrid color col_key no-gap, sy-vline no-gap,
             it_spfli-connid color col_normal no-gap, sy-vline no-gap,
             it_spfli-cityfrom color col_normal no-gap, sy-vline no-gap,
             it_spfli-cityto color col_normal no-gap, sy-vline no-gap,
             it_spfli-deptime color col_normal no-gap, sy-vline no-gap.
  endloop.
  uline /(61).
* tell user what is going on
  call function 'SAPGUI_PROGRESS_INDICATOR'
     exporting
*           PERCENTAGE = 0
           text       = text-007
       exceptions
            others     = 1.
* start Excel
  create object h_excel 'EXCEL.APPLICATION'.
*  PERFORM ERR_HDL.

  set property of h_excel  'Visible' = 1.
*  CALL METHOD OF H_EXCEL 'FILESAVEAS' EXPORTING #1 = 'c:\kis_excel.xls'  .

*  PERFORM ERR_HDL.
* tell user what is going on
  call function 'SAPGUI_PROGRESS_INDICATOR'
     exporting
*           PERCENTAGE = 0
           text       = text-008
       exceptions
            others     = 1.
* get list of workbooks, initially empty
  call method of h_excel 'Workbooks' = h_mapl.
  perform err_hdl.
* add a new workbook
  call method of h_mapl 'Add' = h_map.
  perform err_hdl.
* tell user what is going on
  call function 'SAPGUI_PROGRESS_INDICATOR'
     exporting
*           PERCENTAGE = 0
           text       = text-009
       exceptions
            others     = 1.
* output column headings to active Excel sheet
  perform fill_cell using 1 1 1 200 'Carrier id'(001).
  perform fill_cell using 1 2 1 200 'Connection id'(002).
  perform fill_cell using 1 3 1 200 'City from'(003).
  perform fill_cell using 1 4 1 200 'City to'(004).
  perform fill_cell using 1 5 1 200 'Dep. Time'(005).
  loop at it_spfli.
* copy flights to active EXCEL sheet
    h = sy-tabix + 1.
    if it_spfli-carrid cs 'AA'.
      perform fill_cell using h 1 0 000255000 it_spfli-carrid.
    elseif it_spfli-carrid cs 'AZ'.
      perform fill_cell using h 1 0 168000000 it_spfli-carrid.
    elseif it_spfli-carrid cs 'JL'.
      perform fill_cell using h 1 0 168168000 it_spfli-carrid.
    elseif it_spfli-carrid cs 'LH'.
      perform fill_cell using h 1 0 111111111 it_spfli-carrid.
    elseif it_spfli-carrid cs 'SQ'.
      perform fill_cell using h 1 0 100100100 it_spfli-carrid.
    else.
      perform fill_cell using h 1 0 000145000 it_spfli-carrid.
    endif.

    if it_spfli-connid lt 400.
      perform fill_cell using h 2 0 255000255 it_spfli-connid.
    elseif it_spfli-connid lt 800.
      perform fill_cell using h 2 0 077099088 it_spfli-connid.
    else.
      perform fill_cell using h 2 0 246156138 it_spfli-connid.
    endif.

    if it_spfli-cityfrom cp 'S*'.
      perform fill_cell using h 3 0 155155155 it_spfli-cityfrom.
    elseif it_spfli-cityfrom cp 'N*'.
      perform fill_cell using h 3 0 189111222 it_spfli-cityfrom.
    else.
      perform fill_cell using h 3 0 111230222 it_spfli-cityfrom.
    endif.

    if it_spfli-cityto cp 'S*'.
      perform fill_cell using h 4 0 200200200 it_spfli-cityto.
    elseif it_spfli-cityto cp 'N*'.
      perform fill_cell using h 4 0 000111222 it_spfli-cityto.
    else.
      perform fill_cell using h 4 0 130230230 it_spfli-cityto.
    endif.

    if it_spfli-deptime lt '020000'.
      perform fill_cell using h 5 0 145145145 it_spfli-deptime.
    elseif it_spfli-deptime lt '120000' .
      perform fill_cell using h 5 0 015215205 it_spfli-deptime.
    elseif it_spfli-deptime lt '180000' .
      perform fill_cell using h 5 0 000215205 it_spfli-deptime.
    else.
      perform fill_cell using h 5 0 115115105 it_spfli-deptime.
    endif.
  endloop.

* EXCEL FILENAME
  CONCATENATE SY-REPID '_' SY-DATUM+6(2) '_' SY-DATUM+4(2) '_'
              SY-DATUM(4) '_' SY-UZEIT '.XLS' INTO FILENAME.

  CALL METHOD OF H_MAP 'SAVEAS' EXPORTING #1 = FILENAME.

  free object h_excel.
  perform err_hdl.
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       FORM FILL_CELL                                                *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       sets cell at coordinates i,j to value val boldtype bold       *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
form fill_cell using i j bold col val.
  call method of h_excel 'Cells' = h_zl
    exporting
      #1 = i
      #2 = j.
  perform err_hdl.
  set property of h_zl 'Value' = val .
  perform err_hdl.
  get property of h_zl 'Font' = h_f.
  perform err_hdl.
  set property of h_f 'Bold' = bold .
  perform err_hdl.
  set property of h_f 'Color' = col.
  perform err_hdl.
endform.                    "FILL_CELL

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

*&      Form  ERR_HDL
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

*       outputs OLE error if any                                       *

*----------------------------------------------------------------------*

*  -->  p1        text
*  <--  p2        text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*

form err_hdl.
  if sy-subrc <> 0.
    write: / 'OLE-Automation Error:'(010), sy-subrc.
    stop.
  endif.
endform.                    " ERR_HDL

 

 

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