Working with User-Exits

...Previous

My Analysis :

Every Function Module for Enhancement supplies some Import and Export Parameters.

Through which we get some values.

V45A0001 – The Description of this enhancement tell us that it determines the alternative materials for product selection. (i.e., If  one material is not available what is the other material that has to be used as an alternative. So it is item specific).

FUNCTION EXIT_SAPFV45S_001.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
*"*"Lokale Schnittstelle:
*"       IMPORTING
*"             VALUE(REQUESTED_DELIVERY_DATE) LIKE  VBAK-VDATU
*"             VALUE(ENTERED_MATERIAL) LIKE  VBAP-MATNR
*"             VALUE(REQUESTED_DELIVERY_QUANTITY) LIKE  VBAP-KWMENG
*"             VALUE(SALES_UNIT) LIKE  VBAP-VRKME OPTIONAL
*"             VALUE(DELIVERED_QUANTITY) LIKE  VBAP-KLMENG OPTIONAL
*"             VALUE(DELIVERING_PLANT) LIKE  VBAP-WERKS OPTIONAL
*"             VALUE(STORAGE_LOCATION) LIKE  VBAP-LGORT OPTIONAL

If we observe the Importing parameters

  1. There is no way to get VBAK – EBELN (Sales Order No.) and  other header data form VBAK.

So, this user exit is not useful. 

V45A0002 -  By Description we understand that we can predefine sold-to party in the sales document. (i.e., it is used to populate the field sold-to party through user-exit while entering the data. ) But our requirement comes after entering the data in the screen and save button is pressed.

FUNCTION EXIT_SAPMV45A_002.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
*"*"Lokale Schnittstelle:
*"       IMPORTING
*"             VALUE(I_TVAK) LIKE  TVAK STRUCTURE  TVAK
*"             VALUE(I_TVTA) LIKE  TVTA STRUCTURE  TVTA
*"             VALUE(I_VKGRP) LIKE  VBAK-VKGRP
*"             VALUE(I_VKBUR) LIKE  VBAK-VKBUR

And even the importing parameters are not useful for us. 

V45A0004  - Copy packing proposal Into Out bound delivery. This description implies that  whenever we create a Delivery Order from Sales Order it copies the packing proposal  Based on the already created Sales order. So, there is no chance for us to save the data while we create or change a Sales order.                              

V45A0003 - Collector for customer function module pool MV45A  - This description some what looks good . But description there is no functionality mentioned. So, let us drill down.

We have 2 exits.                                   

Function module                           Short Text                           

EXIT_SAPMV45A_003              Rev.Rec.: Copy Requirements An Header

EXIT_SAPMV45A_004              Rev.Rec.: Field Modification Sales       

FUNCTION EXIT_SAPMV45A_004.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
*"*"Lokale Schnittstelle:
*"       IMPORTING
*"             VALUE(I_SCREEN_NAME) LIKE  FELD-NAME
*"             VALUE(I_VBAP) LIKE  VBAP STRUCTURE  VBAP
*"             VALUE(I_VBUP) LIKE  VBUPVB STRUCTURE  VBUPVB
*"             VALUE(I_SCREEN_GROUP4) LIKE  FELD-GRP4
*"             VALUE(I_T180_AKTYP) LIKE  T180-AKTYP

From Exit 004 Description and Importing parameters we can clearly see that this exit is used for Field modifications. 

EXIT_SAPMV45A_003 - From the Description and Importing parameters we get the header data that can be used for our requirement.

FUNCTION EXIT_SAPMV45A_003.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
*"*"Lokale Schnittstelle:
*"  IMPORTING
*"     VALUE(XVBAK) LIKE  VBAK STRUCTURE  VBAK
*"     VALUE(XVBUK) LIKE  VBUK STRUCTURE  VBUK
*"     VALUE(XKOMK) LIKE  KOMK STRUCTURE  KOMK

The purpose of SMOD is to find User Exits.

Once we find the user exits, We go to CMOD. The purpose of the CMOD is to register what we are going to do in the particular enhancement. So, at the time of up gradation it will be easy to retain the code. 

click on Create. 

Now in the next screen (see below), click on Save and then on “Enhancement assignments)

 

Now enter your enhancement name, click on Save and then on “Components” 

 

Now double click on the required function exit

 

 

data: gt_exit type zexit,
      gs_vbeln TYPE zexit-vbeln,
      gs_inr TYPE vbak-netwr,
      gs_loc type vbak-waerk value 'INR'.

      CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERT_TO_LOCAL_CURRENCY'
        EXPORTING
         CLIENT                  = SY-MANDT
          date                   = sy-datum
          foreign_amount         = xvbak-netwr
          foreign_currency       = xvbak-waerk
          local_currency         = gs_loc
         RATE                    = 0
         TYPE_OF_RATE            = 'M'
         READ_TCURR              = 'X'
       IMPORTING
         EXCHANGE_RATE           =
         FOREIGN_FACTOR          =
         LOCAL_AMOUNT            = gs_inr
         LOCAL_FACTOR            =
         EXCHANGE_RATEX          =
         FIXED_RATE              =
         DERIVED_RATE_TYPE       =
       EXCEPTIONS
         NO_RATE_FOUND           = 1
         OVERFLOW                = 2
         NO_FACTORS_FOUND        = 3
         NO_SPREAD_FOUND         = 4
         DERIVED_2_TIMES         = 5
         OTHERS                  = 6
                .
      IF sy-subrc <> 0.
 MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO
         WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.
      ENDIF.

if gs_inr > '1000'.
gt_exit-zstatus = 'High Value'.
      elseif
gs_inr > '100' and
gs_inr < '1000'.
gt_exit-zstatus = 'Normal Value'.
      elseif
gs_inr < '100'.
gt_exit-zstatus = 'Low Value'.
endif.

       gt_exit-vbeln = xvbak-vbeln.
       gt_exit-vkorg = xvbak-vkorg.
       gt_exit-vtweg = xvbak-vtweg.
       gt_exit-spart = xvbak-spart.

insert into zexit values gt_exit.
clear gt_exit.

 

Please send us your feedback/suggestions at webmaster@SAPTechnical.COM 

HomeContribute About Us Privacy Terms Of Use • Disclaimer • SafeCompanies: Advertise on SAPTechnical.COM | Post JobContact Us  

Graphic Design by Round the Bend Wizards

footer image footer image